MARVELS - index of the book

MARVELS: The Life of Clarence Bicknell, Botanist, Archaeologist, Artist

by Valerie Lester

Copyright © 2018 Valerie Lester
 
In 2018 the authorised biography of Clarence Bicknell was published in book form, MARVELS: The Life of Clarence Bicknell, Botanist, Archaeologist, Artist by Valerie Lester. The book is available for sale on this web site (click on Shop), at bookshops and at Amazon. The index of this book is published in text form here on www.clarencebicknell.com for the purpose of facilitating web searches by researchers for people and topics in this book.
 
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ISBN 978 1 7890 1494 5 hardback
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
Design by Sally Salvesen
Maps by Martin Brown
Family tree by Gwyneth Hibbert
Photo research by Graham Avery, Marcus Bicknell, Helen Blanc-Francard and the author
Printed and bound by Gutenberg Press Ltd, Malta

INDEX

C.B. = Clarence Bicknell.
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations; those followed by M indicate maps.
C.B.’s lengthy correspondence with Emile Burnat has been one of our major resources, and some of the many references
to it are noted below. For further information about the letters, go to “Documents” in the Clarence Bicknell website and see
G. Avery, ‘Clarence Bicknell – Correspondence with Emile Burnat (1886–1917) 2016’.
acanthus, 75
Acropolis of Athens, C.B.’s sketch of, 103
Adenia, 184
Adonis (crowfoot), 134
Adoru, C.B.’s hymns for, 179
Agnetti, Dr, 70, 198, 199
Agricultural Penal Colony, Capraia, 147
Alassio, 1907 Esperanto concert at, 138
Albert, Prince Consort, 17
All Saints Chapel, Bordighera, 37, 39, 43–44, 46, 57
All Saints Library (English Lending Library), Bordighera,
77. See also International Civic Library
Alpine Plants of Europe (Mummery), 159
Altamira, cave paintings at, 135
Ammirani, Father, 53–54
Among the Hills: A Book of Joy in High Places (Farrer), 212
Ampeglio (gardener), 73, 155, 154
Ampelio, Saint, 33, 34, 37, 38, 48, 193
relic exhibited, 48
Angst, Adolph, 193, 203
Antaŭen Esperanto group, 179, 180
Anthragene alpina L. (Bicknell), 163
L’Antijuif (newspaper), 130
ant, Bicknell’s. See Iridomyrmex bicknelli 153–154
Aquilegia alpina, 170
in Casa Fontanalba Visitors’ Book, 172
C.B’s miniature sketch, 166
Arduino, Honore, 67
Aristolochoia, an insect-catcher (Bicknell), 66
The Art Crafts for Beginners (Sanford), 158
Arts and Crafts Movement, 157
The Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt (Petrie), 158
Asilo Evangelico, 77
Autobiography (A.S. Bicknell), 215n.2
‘Aŭtuno’ (Bicknell), 179
Avery, Graham, 211–212, 227
Bacchialoni, Prof., 119
Baden Powell, Rev. James, 22
Baily, Edward Hodges, 4, 7–8
bust of Lucinda Browne Bicknell, 12, 13
ballon captif, Giffard’s, 35, 35
Barcelona, Esperanto congress at, 181
Bases of Design (Crane), 158
Basilica de la Santa Casa, Loreto, 87–88
Bastille, C.B.’s visit to, 35
Beale, Thomas, 6, 10
Beghelli, Simona, 213
Belli, Saverio, 114, 120
Benigni, Ezio, 120, 121
Bordighera under snow, 76
The English Church in Bordighera, 40
Interior of the Museo Bicknell, 77
photos of C.B., 109, 144, 177
Rock engravings ‘near the upper margheria’ (attr.), 119
The SIRT tennis racquet makers at Bordighera, 42
Train arriving at Bordighera, 87
The Wisteria on the face of the Museo Bicknell, 75
Benson, Richard Meux, 23, 24
Berceto, C.B. stays with Dr Agnetti at, 70
Bern, Esperanto congress at, 197
Bernardini, Enzo, 143, 207
Bernhardt, Friedrich von, 201
Berry, Ada Bicknell, 14–16, 17, 83, 105, 139–140, 183. See
also Bicknell, Ada
Berry, Arthur, 105, 114, 161
Berry, Clara, 105
Berry, Dr Frances May Dickinson, 114, 115, 116
Berry, Edward, 14, 17, 105
Berry, Edward Elhanan, 52, 70, 72
letter to Burnat on C.B.’s death, 207
at Casa Fontanalba, 125, 161, 209
cares for C.B. during 1910 illness, 149
C.B. describes wartime conditions at Bordighera to, 203
and C.B.’s failing eyesight, 195
and the construction of Villa Monte Verde, 140, 140, 141
hiking near Casterino, 120, 123, 124
marries Margaret Serocold, 105–7, 106
and the vellum-bound albums, 165
Berry, Grosvenor, 105, 169
Berry, James, 105, 109, 114, 114, 115, 161, 197, 202
Berry, Margaret, 53, 84, 106, 139
cares for C.B. during his 1910 illness, 149
at Casa Fontanalba, 125, 209
C.B. writes to, about his failing eyesight, 195
and the construction of Villa Monte Verde, 140, 140, 141
Farrer’s uncharitable assessment of, 151, 160
inherits C.B.’s Maori jade pendants, 186
marries Edward, 106
summer at Pellegrino’s house, Casterino, 1901, 123–125
and the vellum-bound albums, 107, 160, 165, 169
Berry, Maud, 189
Bessone, Giuseppe, 34, 42, 213
Bianca (Villa Rosa maid), 41, 43
Biancheri, Ampeglio, 73
Bible Christians, 23
Biblioteca Internazionale, Bordighera, 77. See also International Civic Library
Bicknell, Ada, 1, 2, 8, 139, 145
death of, 190–191
has stroke, 188
husband dies, 139
marries Edward Berry, 14
mother’s death and father’s remarriage, 12–13
Bicknell, Algernon Sidney, 1, 2, 4, 107–9, 108, 191, 191
on Ada’s stroke, 188
attends University College London, 13
Autobiography, 215n.2
climbs Pic d’Adam, 184
at Dr Laing’s school, 4, 8
on his father’s death, 15
on Landseer’s sketch of Turner, 9
mother’s death and father’s remarriage, 12–13
on Percy’s financial indiscretion, 188–189
Preface to Herman Bicknell’s Hafiz translation, 28
survives intestinal tumor, 133
as unsuccessful vegetarian, 13
Bicknell, Clarence, 120
Acropolis sketch, Athens, 103
afflicted with sciatica, 81, 82, 189
and Alberto Pelloux, 134
and All Saints Chapel, 44, 57
Anthragene alpina L., 163
Aristolochoia, an insect-catcher, 66, 67
at Athens, 102–103
attends Rev. Edwards’ school, 13
attitude to female suffrage, 200
at Berceto, 70
and the bicycle, 108, 109, 116
birth of, 1, ix
On Board P&O’s Hydaspes, Brindisi to Alexandria, 88
A Book of Berries, 165
The Book of Guests in Esperanto, 146, 161, 195, 198, 198, 219n.259
as botanical illustrator and author (see individual works by title)
botanical specimen-gathering trips (see botanical
expeditions)
Breil-sur-Roya, February 1882, 112
Bridge (watercolour), vi
butterfly collection, 76, 77
buys Villa Rosa, 51, 57
Caltha palustris, 164
camels at Assouan, diary sketch, 96
Casa Fontanalba map, 156M
The Casa Fontanalba Visitors’ Book, 160–161,160–162, 170, 211, 219n.259.
See also Casa Fontanalba
at Casterino, 114, 123–125, 195, 197, 201. See also Casa
Fontanalba
Casterino Looking North 6.7.97, 114
celebrates Christmas of 1878, 47
charitable works, 193
Children’s Picture Book of Wild Plants, 165, 166,     169
Cliffs at Finalmarina, 54
collects botanical specimens from Vallee des Merveilles, 113
conducts English lady’s funeral, 82
and Corsica, 43, 51
curacy at St Paul’s Church, Lorrimore Square, 21–23
Cytisus Sessilifolius, 204
D. Giovanni’s photo portrait of, 50
dandelion discourse and symmetrical composition
depicting, 200, 200. See also Triumph of the
Dandelion
dental problems, 47
diary of first season at Bordighera, 216n.61
dies, 205
donates bell to Castellana di Montenero, 193
donkey sketch, Egypt diary, 96
early childhood of, 1–7
and the earthquake of 1887, 79–82
Egypt diary, 86, 88–104, 217–218n.146
England trip of 1880, 52
England trip of 1887, 81–82
England trip of 1900, 131–132
enters holy orders, 21
Esneh architectural sketches, 98
and Esperanto, 8, 157, 174–182
establishes Museo Bicknell, 76
explores cave paintings in France, 136–138
family tree, x–xi
Farm and hay stooks in Val Casterino, 118
felucca sketches, Egypt diary, 93, 94, 97, 99, 100
at Finalmarina, 53
first stay at Bordighera, 36, 38–49
Flora of Bordighera and San Remo, 67, 68
Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Riviera and
Neighbouring Mountains, 65, 66, 67
fondness for Wagner and visit to Bayreuth, 113
and the Fontanalba petroglyphs, 118–121, 120, 126–127, 127
at foundation-stone laying of Villa Monte Verde, 140
fundraising by, 131, 193
Further Explorations in the Regions of the Prehistoric
Rock Engravings in the Italian Maritime Alps, 128
generosity of, 77–78
Great Sphinx of Giza, 90
Guide to the Prehistoric Rock Engravings of the Italian
Maritime Alps, 111, 122, 128
and the Guild of the Holy Redeemer, 27, 28
has gout, 35, 109, 197
Holy Land trip, 132
kaleidoscopic floral patterns, in the vellum-bound
albums, 170, 171
Lago Verde, August 11, 1897, 119
leaves active Anglican ministry, 48–49
letters from (see letters, C. B.’s)
Luigi Pollini’s farewell, in Casa Fontanalba Visitors’
Book, 205, 206, 207
Luxor by moonlight, Egypt diary sketch, 100
Majorca trip, 70, 72
makes petroglyph rubbings for Cartailhac, 155
map of places associated with, 32M
meets Ruffini, 46
mentions failing eyesight, 195
Monte Cristallo, 133
Montserrat, visit to, 72
Mosque outside Cairo, 89
mother dies, 11–12
and the Oxford Movement, 20
at Paris Esperanto congress of 1914, 181
at 1878 Paris Exposition Universelle, 34–35
at 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle, 131
photos of, ii, 8, 42, 50, 74, 84, 108, 125, 142, 144, 175,
177, 208
The Posy, 165, 167
Prehistoric Rock Engravings in the Italian Maritime
Alps, 126, 127, 128
Psalliota xanthoderma, 196
Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfou, 98
pyramid sketches, 90
religious explorations and practices, 29–31, 46, 57–58, 95, 103, 108, 138, 146, 191, 199
reputation as archaeologist, 210
returns to Casa Fontanalba, 1907, 170
revisits Egypt, 132
robbed, 83
Rocks near St Ampelio’s Church, 38
‘Sainte-Lucie,’ song, 177
at San Bartolomeo di Pesio, 82, 83
Saxifraga florulenta, 116
sees Monte Carlo, 44
sends petroglyph to British Museum, 121
and the Societas Sancti Spiritus, 24, 26
specimen donations by, 148–149
spread from The Children’s Picture Book, 167–168
St Peter’s Church, Stoke-Upon-Tern, under construction, 1873, 24
suffers from herpes, shingles, or erysipelas, 145
swimming, 37, 39, 41, 47
takes Italian lessons, 43
Taraxacum vulgaris, 167
Temple of Dendera, 95
37th birthday festa, 43
68th birthday celebration, 146
74th birthday party, 197
tours Sardinia’s nuraghi, 133
at Trinity College, Cambridge, 17, 19–21
Triumph of the Dandelion, 165, 168, 169
troubled by haemorrhoids, 116
Val Casterino sketch, 195
and the Vallee des Merveilles petroglyphs, 111–116, 117–128
and vegetarianism, 13
the vellum-bound albums, 107, 160–172, 161–172, 210
visited by Cartailhac, 187
visits Burnat, 83, 130, 179
visits Florence, 198–199
visits Lourdes and Madrid, 194
visits Rome, 196
visits Sydney B. in 1891, 107
volunteer work for Red Cross, 202–203
on wall painting, 153
Weapons and implements (petroglyph plate), 127
Bicknell, Edgar, 1, 2
at Dr Laing’s school, 4, 8
marries Elizabeth Hill, 14–15
mother’s death, 12
Bicknell, Elhanan, 1, 2, ix
art collection auctioned, 18, 18
as art connoisseur and collector, 4–5
final years and death, 14–15
marries Hannah Wootton Langton, 6, 7
marries Louisa Holland Jones, 12–13
marries Lucinda Browne, 7
marries Mary Jones, 7
obituaries and epitaph, 15–16
portrait by Samuel Drummond, 6
wardenship of Worshipful Company of Vintners, 2, 4
and the whaling trade, 6–7, 12
Bicknell, Hannah, 6–7
Bicknell, Henry Sanford, 4, 7, 19, 89
Bicknell, Herman, 1, 2, 27–28, 89
attends University College London, 13
at Dr Laing’s school, 4, 8
at father’s funeral, 17
and the grand ball at Herne Hill, 14
mother’s death, 11, 12
Bicknell, Herman Kentigern, 188
Bicknell, Linda (niece), 132, 132–133, 139, 141, 179–180
Bicknell, Louisa Holland Jones, 12–13
Bicknell, Lucinda Browne (mother), 1, 5, 7, 8, 11–13, 27
Baily’s bust of, 12, 13
Bicknell, Lucinda (‘Linda’) (sister), 1, 8, 12, 15, 85, 139–140, 191, 196
Bicknell, Marcus, 209, 211, 214
Bicknell, Mark, 6, 13, 212
Bicknell, Mary Ann, 7
Bicknell, Mary Jones, 7
Bicknell, Matilda, 1, 2, 8, 12, 14
Bicknell, Nora, 132, 132–133, 139, 141, 195, 196
Bicknell, Percy, 1, 2, 83, 85, 107
dies, 190
at Dr Laing’s school, 4, 8
financial mismanagement, 148, 188–189
mother’s death, 12
Bicknell, Peter, 48, 186, 209
Bicknell, Susie, 211, 214
Bicknell, William, 5, 5–6
Bicknell-to-Burnat letters, 67–68, 118
on arrival in Casterino, 1906, 153
on attack of sciatica, 82
on 1909 Barcelona Esperanto congress, 181
on Basilica de la Santa Casa at Loreto, 89
on Briquet’s writeup of Pimpinella bicknellii, 72
on Burnat’s 80th birthday, 187
on C.B.’s planned visit to Alagna, 137–138
on Corsica trip, 134–135
on death of Lucinda’s husband, 140
on the demands of Esperanto promotion, 176
on Egyptian ‘herbarium’ sculpture at Karnak, 101
Esperanto postcard, 176
on excursions near Casterino, 115–116, 125–126
extends invitation to Villa Rosa, 105
on gout and the bicycle, 109
on Jean Burnat’s first communion, 83
on Kew Gardens, 132
on lantern slide collection, 201
on naming of Cima Bicknell, 186–187
on the petroglyph sculptors, 122–123
on Pietro Zeni’s musical debut, 78
on projected Alagna trip, 148
on Sardinia trip, 133–34
on search for Hiercium, 113–114
on shortcomings of Thompson’s Flowering Plants of the Riviera, 159
on sister Lucinda’s husband’s death, 137–138
on social demands of Bordighera, 70
on 1907 summer at Casa Fontanalba, 159, 170
on trip to Ceylon, 183, 184, 186
on World War I, 200–201
bicycle
C.B. masters riding of, 108, 109, 116
women on, in London, 134
Biesbroeck, Jules Pierre van, 195
Bischoffsheim, Raphael, 45, 76
Black Pussy (cat), 41
Blanc, Edmond, 112
Blanc-Francard, Helen, 211, 212
The Blue Rigi, Sunrise (Turner), 19, ix
Boccanegra Gardens, 141
Boer War, 131, 154
Boks kaj Koks (Box and Cox), Esperanto farce, 180
Bone, Henry, 19
A Book of Berries (Bicknell), 165
The Book of Guests in Esperanto, 146, 161, 169, 195, 198, 198, 219n.259
Bordighera, 28
lose up map of, 61M
earthquake of Feb. 1887, 79–82, 80
Esperanto group, 179, 180
map of, close up, 61
to Mont Bego, map, 69M
origins, 33
St Ampelio’s Church, 34
at start of World War I, 200
train station, 87
undergoes cultural revolution and exploitation, 52
Bordighera under snow (Benigni), 76
botanical expeditions, C.B.’s
to Alagna, 148
to Algeria, 129–130
to Capraia, 147
to Ceylon, 183–286
to Corsica, in 1905, 134–135
to Elche, 131
to Majorca, 130
to Malta and Tunis, 144
to Sicily and the Egadi Islands, 129
to Val Pesio, 130
Botanical Garden of Hamma, 129
botany, 63–64. See also botanical expeditions of the Vallee des Merveilles, 113
Boulogne, Esperanto congress at, 177
Breil-sur-Roya, February, 1882 (Bicknell), 112
Breuil, Abbe Henri, 136, 137
Briano, G. B., 8
Briquet, John, 72, 187, 191
British Museum, 121
Broadlands, 29, 30
Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit, 24, 57. See also Societas Sancti Spiritus
Brown, Capability, 29
Browne, Edgar, 4, 8, 9
Brown(e), Eleanor, 5
Browne, Hablot Knight (‘Phiz’), see Phiz
Brown(e), Michael, 5
Browne, William Loder, 5
Bruneau
Michel, 5. See also Brown(e) as surname, 107
Brunel, Isambard, ix
Bucknall, Cedric, 149, 176
Buddicom, Harry, 135
Budhism, Farrer converts to, 184–185
Burn, Robert, 20
Burnat, Emile, 68, 70, 187, 212
anticipated visit to C.B. in Casterino, 123
collects botanical specimens in Val Pesio, 130
Flore des Alpes Maritimes, 157
herbarium conserved by Geneva Botanical Garden, 212
recommends Casterino house to C.B., 114
visited by C.B., 83, 130, 179
Burnat, Jean, 83, 105, 187
Burnat/Bicknell Nature Reserve, 130
Bursera graveolens, 73–74
butterflies, C.B.’s collection of, 76, 77
Callcott, Augustus Wall, 4, 19
Calori, Domenico, 73
Caltha palustris (Bicknell), 164
Cambridge
C.B. at Trinity College, 17, 19–21
Esperanto congress, 179–181, 180
camels at Assouan, C.B. Egypt diary sketch, 96
Cameriere, Luigi, 115, 116
Campbell, Alice, 53, 54, 120, 139, 142, 142–143, 207, 219n.229
Capi (dog), 125, 146, 161, 195, 208
Capitan, Louis, 137
Capponi, Domenico, 79
Capraia, Agricultural Penal Colony at, 147
Carestia, Abbot Antonio, 148, 148
Carroll, Lewis, 57, 59
Cartailhac, Emile, 128, 135, 135–138, 155, 181
Image of a bison at the Niaux cave, 137
lampooned in La Guêpe, 136
page in Book of Guests in Esperanto, 161, 165, 169
visits C.B. in 1908, 187
warned by C.B. about Steigelman, 189
Casa Coraggio, 58–59, 59
Casa di Provvidenza, Bordighera, 193
Casa di Salute, Bordighera, 139
Casa Fanshawe, Bordighera, 51, 139
Casa Fontanalba, 125, 149–152
Berrys allowed to continue using after C.B.’s death, 209
furnishings, 154
Luigi Pollini’s landscaping improvements to, 154
map (Bicknell), 156M
work begun on, 153
The Casa Fontanalba Visitors’ Book (Bicknell), 151, 155,160–161, 160–162, 187, 219n.259
reproduction published, 211
casinos
Monte Carlo, 44, 203
Palais de Neptune, Boulogne, 177
La Castellana di Montenero, 193
Casterino, C.B. at, 114, 123–124, 170, 195, 197, 201. See also
Casa Fontanalba
Casterino Looking North 6.7.97 (Bicknell), 114
cave paintings, 135–138, 137
and the Casa Fontanalba wall images, 157
Cavillier, Francois, 187
Celesia, Emanuele, 119
Centaurea montana L., 166
Ceylon, C.B. and Luigi Pollini visit, 183–186
Chef de Tribu (Head of the Tribe), petroglyph logged by Bicknell, 127
Chesterton, G.K., 57
Chiappes de Fontanalba, ii
chickweed, grandiflora, 196
Children of God, 23
The Children’s Picture Book of Wild Plants (Bicknell), 165, 166, 167–168, 169
Chippindale, Christopher, 117, 120, 121–122, 211, 212
Christie’s auction, 18–19
Church of England. See also Gibraltar, Anglican Bishop of
Anglo-Catholic parishes, 21
C.B. baptised into, 17
Temperance Society, 27. See also Guild of the Holy Redeemer
Cima Bicknell, Ceylon peak, 186, 186
Cirsium, 148, 196
Clematis cirrhosa, 129
Cliffs at Finalmarina (Bicknell), 54
climate change, C.B.’s awareness of, 133
Climbing a Pyramid (Abdullah bros.), 91
Clough, Arthur Hugh, 13
Cocos nucifera, 184
Collins, William, 4
Column Hall of the Temple of Karnak/Egypt in 1838 (Roberts), 97
Combarelles, cave paintings at, 136, 137
Compositae, 144
confession, 23
Contributions to the flora of Mentone (Moggridge), 64
Convulsionists, 23
Convulvulus, 184
Cook, Thomas, 88, 94, 105
Cope, Annie Jordan, 154
Corbet, Rev. Rowland, 23, 24, 24, 26, 28, 44
and Guild of the Holy Redeemer, 27, 29
visits Italian Riviera, 28
visits Villa Rosa, spring 1878, 48
Corbet, Richard, 24
Corbet, Sir Reginald and Lady Alice, 25–26
Corinth, Lovis, 56
Corsica, C. B. visits, 43, 134-135
Cowper-Temple, Georgina, 29, 29, 30
Cowper-Temple, William, 29, 29
Crane, Walter, 158, 165
Crowther, Bingham, 153, 154
Crowther, William, 154
Croydon High School for Girls, 105
Cupid (Baily), 7
Cypripedium calceolus, 130, 130
Cytisus Sessilifolius (Bicknell), 204
D’Alberti della Briga, Count Guido, 153, 209
Damon, Pierre, 76
dandelion, 200, 200. See also Triumph of the Dandelion
Darwin, Charles, 20, 28, 64, 82, ix
De Amicis, Edmondo, 59
de Burgh Daly, Eileen, 176, 197
de Burgh Daly, Muriel, 143
de Laurens, Honore, see Laurenti, Onorato
de Montfort, Pierre, 111
Dendera, temple of, 95–96
Denning, Stephen Poyntz, 2, 4
Deposition (Biesbroeck), 195
The Descent of Man (Darwin), 28
Descharmes, Helene, 5. See also Brown(e), Eleanor
Desmond, Rev. Henry Maxwell Egan, 140
Dessaint, Madame, 59
di Paoli, Bruna, 212
Dickens, Charles, ix, 1, 7, 45, 53
Dickinson, Dr Frances May, Lady Berry, 114, 115, 116
Dieck, Herr (naturalist), 113
Dissenters, 21. See also non-conformists
Doctor Antonio (Ruffini), 34, 46
donkey sketch, from C.B.’s Egypt diary, 96
Don Pasquale (Donizetti), 46
Dorfler, Ignaz, 149, 190
D’Orsay, Count (Alfred Guillaume Gabriel Grimod
D’Orsay), 9, 10
dowsing, 30
Dr Laing’s school, 4, 8
Drummond, Samuel, 5, 6
Dufeutrel, Victor, 177
du Maurier, George, 45
Durand-Ruel, Monet letter to, 54–55
Duse, Eleanora, 120
Dutton, Betty, 25
Dutton, Tom, 25, 25
Earthquake Help Committee, 81
earthquakes
of December 1908, 187–188
Liguria, of 1887, 79–82, 80
Senboku, of 1914, 188
Ecclesiastical History (Sozomen), 90
Echium vulgare, 166
eclipse, solar, of May 1900, 131
Edison phonograph, 131
Edwards, Rev. J., C.B. attends school of, 13
Egadi Islands, C.B.’s 1898 visit to, 129
Egan, Ethel, 196
Egan (later Egan Desmond), Rev. Henry Maxwell, 15, 85, 140
Egypt
C.B.’s diary of trip to, 86–104, 217–218n.146
legend of St Ampelio, 33
Petrie’s Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt, 158
revisited by C.B., 132
St Peter’s Square obelisk, 33
Eiffel tower, C.B.’s ascent of, 131
Elche, C.B.’s trip to, 131
Elhanan Bicknell (Drummond), 6
Elliott, Clarence, 149, 150, 151
Emanuele, Dr Boris, 207
Emelia Russell Gurney (Watts), 48
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 62
Empson, Captain, 77
England to Bordighera, map, 32M
The English Church and the Tennis Club in about 1905 (Migliarini), 42
The English Church in Bordighera (Benigni), 40
English Lending Library, Bordighera, 77. See also International Civic Library
The English Rock-Garden (Farrer), 151
Eryngium giganteum, 141–142, 142
Esneh, C.B.’s architectural sketches of, 98
The Esperantist, journal, 176
Esperanto, 8, 173–182
Barcelona congress, 181
Bern congress, 197
Bordighera group, 179, 180
Boulogne congress, 135, 135, 142, 177
in Casa Fontanalba decor, 157, 158
C.B. teaches, 144
C.B’s hymns, 179
concert in Alassio, 1907, 138
Cracow congress, 181
Geneva conference, 142
Paris congress, 181, 182
postcards to Sommier and Burnat, 176
speakers active on Malta, 144
translations into, by Rosa Junck and C.B., 142
in Villa Rosa decor, 159–160
Zamenhof invents, 173–174
Essex, whaler, sinking of, 12
Etty, William, 4, 7
Euphrasia bicknellii, 132
Evans, Sir Arthur, 134
Eve Listening to the Voice (Baily), 7
evolution, 23, 28. See also Darwin
Expositions Universelles, Paris
of 1878, 34–35
of 1900, 131
Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, cave paintings at, 136, 157
The Fallacy of Hope (d’Orsay), 10
Fanshawe, Rev. Charles, 36
Fanshawe, Rosa, 28–29, 36, 43, 45, 51
Farm and hay stooks in Val Casterino (Bicknell), 118
Farrer, Minna, 151
Farrer, Reginald, 117, 149, 149–152, 183, 184–185, 211–212
feluccas, C.B.’s diary sketches of, 93, 94, 97, 99, 100
Ferguson, Charlotte Haddon, 185, 186
Ferguson, John, 185
Ficus macrophylla, 74, 75, 129
Fielding, Copley, 19
Fildes, Luke, 45
Finalmarina, C.B. views petroglyphs near, 53–54
Flammarion, Camille, 131
Flaxman, John, 7
Flora of Bordighera and San Remo (Bicknell), 67, 68
Flore Analytique du Département des Alpes-Maritimes (Arduino), 67
Florio, M., 129
La floro de l’pasinto (De Amicis), 142
Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Riviera and Neighboring Mountains (Bicknell), 65, 66, 67
Flowering Plants of the Riviera (Thompson), 159
Fodere, Francois Emmanuel, 113
Folli, Gisella Merello, 213
Fontana, Domenico, 38
Fontanalba petroglyphs, ii, 118–120, 124–128, 189, 203
Font-de-Gaume, cave paintings at, 136, 137
Fratelli Jung, 129
Fritillary, kaleidoscopic floral pattern (Bicknell), 171
Fumaria, 144
Fundamento de Esperanto (Zamenhof ), 177
Further Explorations in the Regions of the Prehistoric Rock
Engravings in the Italian Maritime Alps (Bicknell), 128
Gainsborough, Thomas, 7
Gandolfi, Daniela, 212
Garnier, Charles, 41, 45, 45, 56, 193, 195
Garnier, Christian, 42
Garulli, Marta, 212
Gastaldi, Giovenale, 73
Geneva, Esperanto conference, 142
Geneva Botanical Garden, 212
Gentian, kaleidoscopic floral pattern (Bicknell), 170
George, Grand Duke, 88
George V, crowned king of England, 165
Germany and the Next War (Bernhardt), 201
giant sea holly, 141–142
Giardini Botanici Hanbury, La Mortola, 74
Gibelli, Carlotta, 83, 84, 195
Gibelli, Emma and Ida, 84, 195
Gibelli, Giuseppe, 120
Gibelli, Pietro, 67, 127
Gibraltar
Anglican Bishop of, 39, 41, 48–49
C.B. collects specimens at, 138
Giffard, Henri, 35
Gioffreddo, Pierre, 112–113
Giovanelli, Francesco, 73
Giovanni (Villa Rosa staff ), 41, 43
Giovanni, Degioanini, 50
Girling, Mary Ann, 23, 30
Girlingites, 23
Giudecca, La Donna della Salute and San Giorgio (Turner), 5, 5, 19
Glasgow Botanical Gardens, suffragist bombings at, 200
Globularia, alypum L., 143
Gloriosa, 186
Glossostemon bruguieri, 35
Going, Rev. John, 21, 22, 22, 24–25
gout, 35, 109, 197
SS Great Britain, ix
The Great Sphinx at Giza (Bicknell), 90
Great War, see World War I
Great Western Railway, ix
Groves, Henry, 104
Gruppo Milanese per l’Esperanto, 178
Grusardi, Professor (Italian tutor), 43
La Guêpe, Cartailhac lampooned in, 136
A Guide to the Prehistoric Rock Carvings of the Italian Maritime Alps (Bicknell), 111
Guild of the Holy Redeemer (Temperance Society chapter), 27, 28, 29
Guillaume, Monsieur (tutor), 1
Gurney, Alfred, 48
Gurney, Edmund, 48
Gurney, Emelia Russell, 29–30, 48, 48
Hamilton, Frederick Fitzroy, 53
Hamma, Botanical Garden of, 129
Hammond, James Lempriere, 20
Hanbury, Carolyn, 213
Hanbury, Sir Thomas, 73, 74, 138, 141
Handbook of British Ferns (Moore), 27
hawkweed, see Hieracium
Head of the Tribe (Chef de Tribu), petroglyph logged by Bicknell, 127
heelball, 121
Helen (Baily), 7
Hermit of the Thebaid, 48
Herne Hill, 4, 7
facade, 3
garden, 3, 4
‘grand dance’of 1853 at, 13–14
residents as of 1851 census, 12
Hieracium, 114, 149
Hill, Elizabeth, 14–15
Histoire des Alpes Maritimes (Gioffreddo), 112–113
Hitchcock, Don, 219n.215
Hogarth, J., 9
Holme, Charles, 158
Holy Land, C.B. visits, 132
Horatio (Baily), 7
Horus, Edfou temple of, 98
Hoschede, Alice, 54, 55
Hotel Angst, 203, 203. See also Angst, Adolph
Howe, Lord Richard, 74
How to Understand Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelungen
(Kobbe), 113
Huggins, William John, 6, 10
Hunter, Katherine, 5
Hymnody, Esperanto, C. B.’s, 179
Image of a bison in the Niaux cave (Cartailhac), 137
Imperiale, Antonio, 36, 41, 43, 46, 59
In Old Ceylon (Farrer), 183
The Interior of the Museo Bicknell (Benigni), 77
International Civic Library, Bordighera, 77, 78
International Esperanto congresses
Barcelona, 181
Bern, 197
Boulogne, 176–177, 178
Cambridge, 179–181
Cracow, 181
Geneva, 179
Paris, 182
In the Track of the Garibaldians Through Italy and Sicily (Bicknell), 108
Ireland, C.B.’s views on home rule in, 192
Iridomyrmex bicknelli, 153
Issel, Arturo, 53–54, 78, 80, 116, 116, 120
joins C.B.at Fontanalba, 127
C.B.’s poker-work bowl for, 131
Istituto Internazionale di Studi Liguri (IISL), 56
Italo-Turkish War, 191–192, 201
Jamtland, Guckusko, 130
Jannetta (Villa Rosa cook), 41, 43
Jeffrey, William, 57
Jekyll, Gertrude, 141–142
Jenkins, Henrietta, 34
Jones, Louisa Holland, 12. See also Bicknell, Louisa Holland Jones
Jones, Maria Pia Luly, 213
Jones, Mary, 7
Jopling, Louise Jane, 45, 45, 52–53
Jopling, Percy, 52–53
Journal de Bordighera, 125, 176
Junck, Rosa, 139, 142, 176, 177, 180, 197
Jung, Leopoldo, 129
Kalbfussia, 133–134
kaleidoscope, 170
Karnak, temple of, 97, 97
Kaser, Mr. (Zurich botanist), 149
Keble, John, 21
Kempe, Charles Eames, 22, 25
Kew Gardens, 132, 148, 183, 200, 220n.273
Kimishima, Dr (Esperantist), 181, 188
Klek, Eugen, 149
Knossos, C.B. sees artefacts of, at Oxford, 134
Konig, Herr (cornettist), 14
Kropotkin, Peter, 28, 199, 199–200
Kropotkin, Sophia Grigorievna, 199, 199–200
Lac Long, 112
Lady’s Slipper (Cypripedium calceolus), 130
Lafayette, James ( James Stack Lauder), photographer, 114
Lago Verde, August 11, 1897 (Bicknell), 119
Laing, Dr, 12. See also Dr Laing’s school
Landseer, Edwin Henry, 4, 8, 9, 10
Langton, Hannah Wootton, 6. See also Bicknell, Hannah
Langton, John Bicknell, 6
Langton, John Walter, 6
Langton & Bicknell, whaling firm, 6–7
Language Committee, 1907 Cambridge Esperanto congress, 179
Lanney, William, 154
Lanteri, Signor (builder), 153
lantern slide shows, 77
Laurenti, Onorato, 113
Lawless, Emily, 56
Laying of the Foundation Stone of Monte Verde, 1904, 140
Leach, Lucy and Fanny, 87, 90, 102
Leach, Roberts Valentine, 87
Lear, Edward, 56, 73
Le Lievre, Audrey, 141
Leo (dog), 161
Lester, Valerie, 211
letters, C. B.’s
to Alberto Pelloux, 126, 142, 145, 161, 201, 202, 203
to Arturo Issel, 53–54, 116, 120
to Baroness von Taube, 62, 191–192, 193, 194, 196, 197–198, 200
to Burnat, 68, 70, 72, 78, 81, 82, 83, 85, 89, 101, 104, 105, 106, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 125, 126, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 138, 140, 144, 147, 148, 149, 153, 155, 157, 159, 170, 176, 179, 181, 183, 184, 186, 187, 188, 191, 197, 200, 201, 202. See also Bicknell-to-Burnat letters
to Cartailhac, 136, 137–138, 181, 189
to Caterina Pelloux, 201
to E.H. Berry, about wartime conditions, 203
to Louisa MacDonald, 57–58
to Margaret and E.E. Berry, 181, 195
to Salomon Reinach, 138
to Stefano Sommier, 144, 198–199, 212
letters, others’
Albert Pelloux to his mother, 158
Baroness von Taube to C.B., 194
Cartailhac to C.B., 186
Edward E. Berry to Burnat, 207
Lilia MacDonald to Jane Unwin, 62
Margaret Berry, to Rosa Fanshawe Walker, 123–125
Monet to Alice Hoschede, 54, 55
Monet to Durand-Ruel, 54–55
Lewis, C.S., 57
Libera (domestic), 123, 124
The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter, 82
Life & Form (Crane), 158
Lightfoot, Rev. Joseph Barber, 20, 20
Liguria earthquake of 1887, 79–82, 80
Linda di Chamounix (Donizetti), ix
Linnaeus, Carl, 63
Lohengrin (Wagner), 113
Lourdes, C.B.’s visit to, 194
Lowe, Charles Henry, 45
Luther, Martin, 20
Luxor, temple of, 96–97
Luxor by moonlight, C.B.’s Egypt diary sketch, 100
MacDonald, George, 30, 56–62, 57, 80
in Book of Guests in Esperanto, 169. See also Casa Coraggio
MacDonald, Grace, 60
MacDonald, Greville, 53, 60, 62, 158
MacDonald, Lilia, 62, 80
MacDonald, Louisa Powell, 30, 53, 57, 57–58, 62, 80. See also Casa Coraggio
MacDonald, Mary, 58
MacDonald, Maurice, 58
MacDonald, Robert Falconer, 153, 158
MacDonald, Ronald, 59
Maddalena (cook), 114, 123, 124, 126, 161, 197, 207
Mader, Dr Fritz, 118–120, 186, 186–187, 202
Madrid, C.B.’s visit to, 194
Magazzino per Tutti, Bordighera, 84, 84
magic lanterns, C.B.’s, 201. See also lantern slide shows
Magrini, Signor (tutor), 11
Mahdi (dog), 120, 142, 142, 143, 146, 146, 161
Majorca, C.B. visits, 70, 72, 130, 137
Malta, C.B.’s and Luigi Pollini’s 1910 visit, 144
Maori jade pendants, C.B.’s, 186, 186
Marconi, Guglielmo, 133
Mariani, Pompeo, 56
Mariette, Auguste, 101
Mariotti, Mauro, 213
Maritime Alps, map of, 69M
marmots, 118, 125
Le Marriage forcé (Moliere), 177
The Marvels of Clarence Bicknell (film), 211
Mary (English girl at Villa Rosa), 41
Mattirolo, Oreste, 154
Medicago poppies, 134
Melville, Herman, 12
Mendel, Gregor, 64
Migliarini, Sandro, 42
Millais, John Everett, 45, 45
Mines Act of 1842, ix
‘Miss Willmott’s Ghost’ (giant sea holly), 141–142, 142
Moby-Dick (Melville), 12
Modern British Domestic Architecture and Decoration (Holme), 158
Moggridge, John Traherne, 64–65, 65, 113
Moggridge, Matthew, 65, 113
Moggridge, Matthew Weston, 65
Mollard, Amedee Jean, 137
Monet, Claude, 54–56
Monet, née Hoschede, Alice, 54, 55
Mont Bego, 112, 159
region, map of, 110M
Mont Clapier, 112
Monte Carlo, C.B. visits casino, 44, 203
Monte Cristallo, Cortina d’Ampezzo, 30 July 1904 (Bicknell), 133
Montfort, Pierre de, 218n.152
Montserrat, C.B.’s visit to, 70
Moore, Thomas, 27
Moreno, Luca, 213
Moreton Bay fig, see Ficus macrophylla
Morris, Jane, 53
Morris, Rev F.O., 30
Morris, William, 53, 153, 158, 169
Morse, Herbert George, 21
Mosque of Sultan Hassan, Cairo, 1838 (Roberts), 89
A Mosque outside Cairo (Bicknell), 89
Mouchot, Augustin, 35
Mount Pedro, Ceylon, 184
Mount-Temple, William and Georgina, 29. See also
Cowper-Temple, Georgina; Cowper-Temple, William
Mummery, Alfred, 159
Museo Bicknell, 75, 76, 77, 82, 142, 142, 203, 209
Nabucco (Verdi), ix
Negrino, Fabio, 131
Nelson’s Column Horatio (Baily), 7
Nestel, Hermann, 56, 56
New Forest Shakers, 23, 30. See also Girling, Mary Ann
Newman, John Henry, 21
New Museum, see Museo Bicknell
New Zealand, 7–8, 51, 77, 186
Niaux, cave paintings at, 136, 137, 137–138, 157
Nicholas, Russian heir apparent, 88
Ninety-five Theses, Luther’s, 20
non-conformists, religious, 13. See also Dissenters burial of, 11
Novello, Clara, 14
nuraghi, 133
Nuwara Eliya, 184, 185
Nymphaea, 184
Observations on the Natural History of the Sperm Whale (Beale), 10, 12
Odelli, Dr, 199
Oliphant, Mrs (Margaret), 56
On Board P&O’s Hydaspes, Brindisi to Alexandria, 8–13 December 1889 (Bicknell), 88
On the Origin of Species (Darwin), 20, 28
PS Oonas, 94
The Orchid Thief (Orlean), 63
Orlean, Susan, 63
Ortica, 148
Our Nest, Biesbroeck’s villa, 195
Oxalis libyca, 144
Oxford, C.B.’s 1904 visit to, 134
Oxford Movement, 20–21
Palais de Neptune casino, Boulogne, 177
Palestrina (Turner), 19
Panza, Franck, 213
parhelia, 53
Paris. See also Expositions Universelles
Esperanto congress of 1914, 181, 182
Parrett, Frederick, 34–36, 37, 39, 44, 46–47, 139
Parry, John, 14
Parsifal (Wagner), 113
Pasteur, Louis, 76, 80
Patrick, Misses and Mrs, 41
Peake, Desiree and Percy, 157
Peasant Arts Society, 158
Pellegrino, Arturo, 114, 123–125, 147, 153
house staff photo with C.B., 115
Pelloux, Alberto, 126, 134, 134, 145, 158, 161, 193, 201, 202, 161, 203
Pelloux, Caterina, 201
Peradeniya Garden, 184, 185, 185
Pere Lachaise Cemetery, C.B.’s visit to, 35
Perugini, ‘Kitty,’ 45
Petrie, Flinders, 158
petroglyphs, 111, 122
and C.B.’s reputation as archaeologist, 209
defaced by Stiegelman, 189
enhanced clarity of, in photographs, 201
at Finalmarina, 53–54
at Fontanalba, 118–120, 121, 124–128, 189, 203
images on walls of Casa Fontanalba, 157
method of carving, 117, 117–118, 118
museum’s 1903 display of Luigi Pollini’s and C.B.’s images of, 147
near Casterino, 197. See also petroglyphs: at
Fontanalba
sent by C.B. to British Museum, 121
Vallee des Merveilles, 89, 111–116, 117–128
Peyrony, Denis, 137
Phillips, Thomas, 2
‘Phiz’ (Hablot K. Browne), 1, 7, 7, 45, 211, 215n.1, ix
Phoenix dactylifera, 33
Piacenza, Ursula Salghetti Drioli, 213
Piana, Giuseppe, 56
Pic d’Adam, Ceylon, 184
Pickwick Papers trial scene, Esperanto performance of, 180
Pidurutalagala, mountain (Ceylon), 184
The Pilgrim’s Progress, MacDonalds’ Casa Corragio
production, 62
Pimpinella bicknellii, 63, 70, 71, 72, 130, 190, 191
Pius IX, Pope, 24
poker work, C. B.’s, 130–131, 131
Pollini, Celestino, 124
Pollini, Clarenza, 51
Pollini, Giacomo, 51, 70, 82, 87, 92, 95, 102, 197, 198
Pollini, Luigi, 51
assists C.B. in preparing specimens for shipment, 147
with C.B. at Casa Fontanalba, 1907, 170
cares for C.B. during illness, 199–200
at C.B.’s 68th birthday, 146
at C.B.’s 74th birthday, 197
at C.B.’s 74th birthday dinner, 197
courts and marries Mercede, 126–127, 135
and death of the Misses Bicknell’s maid, 133
farewell to C.B. in Casa Fontanalba Visitors’ Book, 205, 206, 207
inherits C.B.’s magic lanterns, 201
landscaping improvements to Casa Fontanalba, 154
learns Esperanto, 176
at Pellegrino house, 114, 115, 123, 124
Le Sorcier, petroglyph photo, 123
travels with C.B., 70, 120, 120, 129–130, 130, 132, 134–135, 138, 144, 153, 177, 179, 181, 194, 195
Pollini, Marianna, 51
Pollini, Mercede, 126, 126–127, 146, 153, 161, 176, 179, 181, 195, 197, 207
Popism, 23
Porra, Franca, 212
The Posy (Bicknell), 165, 167
Potentilla grammopetala, 148
Prain, Sir David, 183
The Prehistoric Rock Engravings in the Italian Maritime Alps (Bicknell), 126, 127, 127, 128
Premble, John, 19
Primula marginata, 151
Psalliota xanthoderma (Bicknell), 196
Psyche (Baily), 7
Puller, Frederick William, 21
Punch and Judy show, Esperanto, 180
Purcell, Henry, 27
Pusey, Edward, 21
Pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfou (Bicknell), 98
Pyne, Louisa, 14
pyramids, C.B.’s diary sketches of, 90
Re, Marco, 132, 213
Reclus, Elisee, 113
Red Cross, C.B.’s volunteer work for, 202–203
Reform Act of 1832, 21
Reinach, Salomon, 138
religion, see Bicknell, Clarence: religious practice and speculations; Church of England; Dissenters; nonconformists; Roman Catholicism; Unitarianism
Renoir, Auguste, 54
retsina, 102
revalenta Arabica, 35
La Revuo, Esperanto literary journal, 179
The Rhinegold (Wagner), English libretto, 113
Rhododendron arboretum, 186
Riscosso, Elena, 212
Rivers of France panels, Herne Hill (Turner), 5
Rivington, Luke, 23
Robber (dog), 123, 125, 140
Roberts, Christine, 4, 89
Roberts, David, 4, 7, 12, 15
Column Hall of the Temple of Karnak, 97
Mosque of Sultan Hassan, 89
rock carvings, see petroglyphs
Rock engravings ‘near the upper margheria’ (attr. Benigni),
119
rock gardening, 150
Rocks near St Ampelio’s Church (Bicknell), 38
Roman Catholicism
Lucinda Holland Bicknell a convert to, 11
and the Reform Act of 1832, 21
Rome, visited by C.B. with Nora, 196
Ross, Thomas, 154
Rossi, Pier, 213
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 53
Rowling, J.K., 57
Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, 132, 183, 200, 220n.273
Rubus, 148
Ruffini, Giovanni, 34, 46, 46
Rumex alpina, 155
Ruskin, John, 4, 9, ix
Ruskin, John James, 10
Ruslan and Ludmilla (Glinka), ix
Russo, Giovanni, 212, 221
sacred footprint, Ceylon, 184
Sadler, Walter Dendy, 26, 26
Saint Ampelio Chapel, Bordighera, 37, 37
Saint Ampelio Church on Cape Bordighera, watercolour, 34
Sainte-Lucie (Bicknell), 178
Salon Noir, Niaux cave, 137–138
Salvia pratensis L., 166
Samuel Enderby, whaling ship, 12
San Bartolomeo di Pesio, C.B. visits, 82, 83
San Bartolomeo di Pesio (Bicknell), 83
Sanford, Frank, 158
sanguine chalk technique, 195, 195
San Remo Opera Orchestra, 131
Santa Maria Maddalena, church of, Bordighera, 40
Sargent, John Singer, 45
The Sasso Valley (Nestel), 56
Sautuola, Marcelino Sanz de, 136
Sautuola, Maria de, 136
Saxifraga florulenta, 116, 117
Scilla nutans, 145
Seti, temple of, at Abydos, 100–101
She Stoops to Conquer, Esperanto performance of, 180
Shropshire Giant (Tom Dutton), 25, 25
Sicily, C.B.’s 1898 visit to, 129
Siegfried (Wagner), English libretto, 113
Sir James Berry (Lafayette), 114
SIRT tennis racquet factory, 42
The SIRT tennis racquet makers at Bordighera (Benigni), 42
Sitwell, Osbert, 150
Sixtus V, Pope, 38
Slocombe, Henry, 26, 26
Snow Storm – Steamboat off a Harbour’s Mouth (Turner), ix
Società Botanica Italiana, 133, 147–148
Società pel Bene Pubblico, 70
Societas Sancti Spiritus, 24, 26–27, 34, 57, 186
Society for Psychical Research, 30, 131
Society for the Protection of Animals, Bordighera, 78
Society of St John the Evangelist, Oxford, 23, 24
Soggiorno a Bordighera (Villari), 67
solar eclipse of May 1900, 131
solar-powered engine, Mouchot’s, 35
Sommier, Stefano, 133, 144, 147, 148, 176, 198–199, 212
Le Sorcier, petroglyph photo (L. Pollini), 123
A South Sea Whaling Voyage (Beale), 6
sperm whale fishery, 6–7
sphagnum moss, 203
spiritualism, 30
Sri Lanka, see Ceylon
Sri Pada, see Pic d’Adam
Stafford, Charles Egerton, Fiennes, 57
Stanfield, George Clarkson, 4, 7
Statue of Liberty, head exhibited in Paris, 1878, 35
Stiegelman, Adolphe, 189
Stoke-upon-Tern, 24–29, 34, 44, 49, 52, 57, 103, 107
St Joseph’s Home for the Aged Poor, 193, 195
Stone, Marcus, 45
St Paul’s Church, Lorrimore Square, 21, 21–23, 24–25
St Peter’s Church, Stoke-upon-Tern, 24, 25, 26–27. See also Societas Sancti Spiritus
C.B.’s watercolour of, 24
Street, George Edmund, 37
Stubberd, Miss, teaches C.B. to crochet, 41
summitates, 65
sundogs, see parhelia
swimming
C.B.’s, as therapy, 41, 47
Parrett’s lessons from C.B., 37, 39
Symonds, John Addington, 19
Tait, Clarence, 73
tango, 198
Tannhäuser (Wagner), 113
Taraxacum vulgare (Bicknell), 168. See also dandelion
Tasmania, 153–154
Tea room, Bordighera, 56, 176
telephone, Bell’s, at 1878 Exposition Universelle, 35
Temperance Society, Church of England, 27. See also Guild of the Holy Redeemer
Temple of Dendera (Bicknell), 95
tennis, 41–42
Tennis Club, Bordighera, 41–42, 42
Tennis net under olive trees (attr. to Trachsel), 42
Terme d’Acqui, 82
Terrasanta Church, 193, 195
Il Terremoto del 1887 in Liguria (Issel), 80
Terry, Dr (dentist), 47
Tessitore, Signor (organist), 43
Test Garden, Algiers, 129
Thackeray, William Makepeace, 28
Thomas Cook & Sons, 88
Nile tour literature, 92
Thompson, Harold Stuart, 159, 159, 176
Thunbergia, 184
Thursday (Monks Fishing) (Slocombe, after Sadler), 26, 26
Tindall, Joseph, 23
SS Titanic sinking, 194
‘To Autumn’ (Keats), 179
toilet, Casa Fontanalba, 159
Tolkien, J.R.R., 57
Tonkin, Humphrey, 179
Tooth Relic, Ceylon, 184
Trachsel, Albert, 42
Tractarianism, 20–21, 22. See also Oxford Movement
Train arriving at Bordighera (Benigni), 87
Trinity College, Cambridge, 17, 19, 19–21
The Triumph of the Dandelion, 165, 168, 169
Trot (dog), 41
Tunis, C.B. and Luigi Pollini visit, 144
Turner, Cornelia, 34
Turner, J.M.W., 4–5, 5, 9–10, 12, 18–19, 35
The Blue Rigi, Sunrise, ix
Giudecca, 5, 5
Landseer’s sketch of, 9, 10
and Melville’s Moby-Dick, 12
Whalers painting series, 6, 9–10, 10
Twelfth Night, MacDonalds’ Casa Corragio production, 62
The Twilight of the Gods (Wagner), English libretto, 113
Umberto, King, survives assassination attempt, 46
Unitarianism, 6, 8
University College London, 11
Unua Libro (Zamenhof ), 174
Unwin, Jane, 62
Vaccari, Lino, 201
Val Casterino, sketch of (Bickford), 195
Val d’Inferno, 112
Val Fontanalba, 126
petroglyphs of, see Fontanalba petroglyphs
The Valkyries (Wagner), English libretto, 113
Vallee des Merveilles (Valle delle Meraviglie), 89
C.B. collects botanical specimens in, 13
petroglyphs, 111–116
Valley of the Kings, 96
Val Pesio, 130
Varesi, Mercede, see Pollini, Mercede
vasculum, 64
vegetarianism, 13
vellum-bound albums, C.B.’s, 107, 160–172, 161–172, 210
Vernham, J.E., 22
Viale, Padre Giacomo, 40, 40–41, 193, 194
Biesbroeck’s bust of, 195
Victoria, Queen, ix
Vilanova y Piera, Juan, 136
Villa Bischoffsheim, 76
Villa Diana, San Remo, 57
Villa Elena, Bordighera, 51
Villa Monte Verde, 140, 140, 141
Villa Patrick, 58
Villari, Linda, 60, 67
Villa Rosa, 36–37, 37, 159
bought by C.B., 51, 57
C.B.’s initial stay at, 38–49
Villas at Bordighera (Monet), 55
Villes d’Hiver (Reclus), 113
’La vojo’ (Zamenhof ), 177
von Jawlensky, Alexej, 56
von Keyserling, Count Alexander Friedrich, 143
von Kleudgen, Baron Friedrich, 56, 193, 201
von Taube, Baroness Helene, 139, 143–146, 182, 189, 190, 191
C.B. introduces her to his sister Lucinda, 196
letters from C.B. to, 197–198
von Taube, Baron Otto, 143, 144, 189, 190
von Taube, Helene (daughter), 143, 189, 191, 192
von Taube, Otto (son), 143
Voyage of the Beagle (Darwin), ix
Voysey, Charles, 158, 165
Walker, Dr Sanderson W.M.F., 37
Walker, Rosa Fanshawe, 36, 37, 131, 139
acquires Casa Fanshawe, 51
letters from Margaret Berry, 123–125
Walworth (London), 21–27, 30, 46, 57, 107
Watkins & Doncaster, naturalists, 76
Watts, G.F., 48
Weapons and implements (Bicknell plate), 127
The Whale (Melville), 12. See also Moby-Dick
The Whalers (Huggins), 6, 10
Whalers painting series (Turner), 9–10, 10
Whalers (The Whale Ship) (Turner), 10
whaling, 6, 6–7, 12, 15
Whistler, James McNeill, 45
White, James Walter, 149, 176
Wigan, Alfred, 8
Williams, Dr (Elhanan Bicknell’s physician), 15
Williams, Misses (singers), 14
Willis, J.C., 184, 185
Willmott, Ellen, 139, 141, 141–142, 142
Winchester, Elhanan, 6
The Wisteria on the face of the Museo Bicknell (Benigni), 75
Wisteria sinensis, 75, 75
Wodehouse, P.C., 57
women
on bicycles, at Oxford, 134
C.B.’s attitude to suffrage for, 200
C.B.’s relations with, 139–146. See also individually named female relatives and friends
wood sorrel, 144
World War I, C.B.’s distaste for, 200–201
Worshipful Company of Vintners, Elhanan Bicknell’s
wardenship of, 2, 4
Yellow-Stainer, mushroom, 196
Zamenhof, Clara, 178, 178
Zamenhof, Ludovik Lazarus (Ludwig), 173–174, 177, 178
Zeiten, steamship, 186
Zeni, Pietro, 78, 78, 114
End
This transcript was made by Marcus Bicknell on 1st November 2018 by copy-paste from the final pdf copy of the book from Troubador and then re-estaboishing tabs and line breaks. Any errors in this process are mine. The index as printed in the book is the definitive version. Comments or corrections to Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser. please. Thank you.